Türkçe Bilgi , Ansiklopedi, Sözlük

The Verb Be (Am/Is/Are-Was/Were)

İngilizce'de sözcükleri rasgele bir araya getirerek cümle kurmamız imkansız. Bu nedenle her cümlede özne ve yüklem olmak zorundadır. İngilizce'de temel fiil, "be" (olmak) fiilidir.

"Go, come, study, eat, do" gibi normal fiillerin olmadığı cümlelerde yüklem olarak "be" fiilini kullanmamız gerekmektedir. Ancak "be" fiili, özneye göre şekil almaktadır. Örneğin, "be" fiili geniş zaman ve şimdiki zamanda kullanılıyorsa, I öznesi için "am", You, We, They özneleri için "are" ve he, she, it özneleri için "is" halini alır. Aşağıdaki tabloda "be" fiilinin çekimi verilmiştir:

I am a teacher
You are a student
He is a boy
She is a girl
It is a dog
We are students
You are friends
They are people

"Be" olmak fiilinin olumsuz hali, "not" alarak belirlenir.

I am not a teacher
You aren't / are not a student
He isn't / is not a boy
She isn't / is not a girl
It isn't / is not a dog
We aren't / are not students
You aren't / are not friends
They aren't / are not people

İngilizce'de soru sorarken yardımcı fiil "be", öznenin önüne getirilir.
am I a teacher?
are You a student?
is He a boy?
is She a girl?
is It a dog?
are We students?
are You friends?
are They people?

Be olmak fiilinin olumsuz soru çekimi:
am I not a teacher?
aren't You a student?
isn't He a boy?
isn't She a girl?
isn't It a dog?
aren't We students?
aren't You friends?
aren't They people?

Yukarda Geniş zaman ve Şimdiki zamanda çekimini verdiğimiz "be" olmak fiilinin Geçmiş zamandaki çekimi de "was/were" şeklindedir: 
I was a teacher
You were a student
He was a boy
She was a girl
It was a dog
We were students
You were friends
They were people

6 Yorum - Senin Görüşün Nedir?

  1. #1 Düzeltilmelidir !
    -
    Enes
    -
    26-05-2013 13:11:49 0

    Bu Konuda Düzen Yapılmalıdır.
    Böyle

    You I
    We ---> are were HE --> ıs, am i are was
    They SHE
    IT

  2. #2 YANLIŞ YAZILMIŞ
    -
    YANLIŞ OLMUŞ -EBRAR
    -
    06-06-2013 23:49:52 -2

    ben sizden he she it özneleri was were de nasıl kullanılır diye girdim. ne çıktı.

  3. #3 was-were
    -
    abdurrahman
    -
    13-06-2013 22:20:31 -1

    was ve were eylem belirtmeyen durum belirten cümlelerde kullanılır.Örnek he was a musician.she was a doctor.am is are simple past tenste was were halini halır

  4. #4 was-were
    -
    abdurrahman
    -
    13-06-2013 22:25:48 -1

    simple past tenste(geçmiş zamanda)eylem varsa was yada were kullanılmaz.Olumlu cümlelerde özneden sonra fiil düzenli fiilse ed takısı gelir düzensiz fiilse fiilin ikinci hali kullanılır

  5. #5 was- were
    -
    sule
    -
    15-04-2014 09:41:51 -1

    gayet açıklayıcı olmuş teşekkürler.

  6. #6 Yorum yanlis
    -
    Ruya
    -
    01-05-2014 23:14:37 0

    Was were gecms zamanda kullanilir

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